Atomic and nuclear properties of materials:
Cadmium (Cd)
QuantityValueUnits ValueUnits
Atomic number 48     
Atomic mass 112.411(8) g mole-1   
Density 8.65 g cm-3   
Mean excitation energy 469.0 eV   
Minimum ionization 1.277 MeV g-1cm2 11.04 MeV cm-1
Nuclear collision length 96.9 g cm-2 11.20 cm
Nuclear interaction length 163.8 g cm-2 18.94 cm
Pion collision length 121.2 g cm-2 14.02 cm
Pion interaction length 191.5 g cm-2 22.14 cm
Radiation length 9.00 g cm-2 1.040 cm
Critical energy 12.21 MeV (for e-) 11.80 MeV (for e+)
Molière radius 15.63 g cm-2 1.806 cm
Plasma energy 55.38 eV   
Muon critical energy 213. GeV   
For muons, dE/dx = a(E) + b(E) E. Tables of b(E): PS PDF TEXT
Table of muon dE/dx and Range: PS PDF TEXT
Explanation of some entries
Table of isotopes Warning: may not be current
x ray mass attenuation coefficients