Atomic and nuclear properties of materials:
Bromine liquid (Br2) (Br)
QuantityValueUnits ValueUnits
Atomic number 35     
Atomic mass 79.904(1) g mole-1   
Density 3.10 g cm-3   
Mean excitation energy 357.0 eV   
Minimum ionization 1.380 MeV g-1cm2 4.281 MeV cm-1
Nuclear collision length 88.9 g cm-2 28.66 cm
Nuclear interaction length 147.2 g cm-2 47.45 cm
Pion collision length 113.8 g cm-2 36.67 cm
Pion interaction length 175.5 g cm-2 56.57 cm
Radiation length 11.42 g cm-2 3.681 cm
Critical energy 17.28 MeV (for e-) 16.75 MeV (for e+)
Molière radius 14.01 g cm-2 4.516 cm
Plasma energy 33.59 eV   
Muon critical energy 281. GeV   
Melting point 265.9 K -7.200 C
Boiling point @ 1 atm 331.9 K 58.78 C
For muons, dE/dx = a(E) + b(E) E. Tables of b(E): PS PDF TEXT
Table of muon dE/dx and Range: PS PDF TEXT
Explanation of some entries
Table of isotopes Warning: may not be current
x ray mass attenuation coefficients