Atomic and nuclear properties of materials:
Sulfur (S )
QuantityValueUnits ValueUnits
Atomic number 16     
Atomic mass 32.065(5) g mole-1   
Density 2.00 g cm-3   
Mean excitation energy 180.0 eV   
Minimum ionization 1.652 MeV g-1cm2 3.305 MeV cm-1
Nuclear collision length 72.2 g cm-2 36.11 cm
Nuclear interaction length 112.4 g cm-2 56.22 cm
Pion collision length 98.0 g cm-2 49.02 cm
Pion interaction length 141.7 g cm-2 70.85 cm
Radiation length 19.50 g cm-2 9.748 cm
Critical energy 35.85 MeV (for e-) 34.83 MeV (for e+)
Molière radius 11.53 g cm-2 5.766 cm
Plasma energy 28.79 eV   
Muon critical energy 527. GeV   
For muons, dE/dx = a(E) + b(E) E. Tables of b(E): PS PDF TEXT
Table of muon dE/dx and Range: PS PDF TEXT
Explanation of some entries
Table of isotopes Warning: may not be current
x ray mass attenuation coefficients