Atomic and nuclear properties of materials:
Vanadium (V )
QuantityValueUnits ValueUnits
Atomic number 23     
Atomic mass 50.9415(1) g mole-1   
Density 6.11 g cm-3   
Mean excitation energy 245.0 eV   
Minimum ionization 1.436 MeV g-1cm2 8.776 MeV cm-1
Nuclear collision length 80.0 g cm-2 13.09 cm
Nuclear interaction length 128.5 g cm-2 21.04 cm
Pion collision length 105.3 g cm-2 17.24 cm
Pion interaction length 157.5 g cm-2 25.77 cm
Radiation length 15.84 g cm-2 2.593 cm
Critical energy 24.67 MeV (for e-) 23.91 MeV (for e+)
Molière radius 13.62 g cm-2 2.229 cm
Plasma energy 47.86 eV   
Muon critical energy 385. GeV   
For muons, dE/dx = a(E) + b(E) E. Tables of b(E): PS PDF TEXT
Table of muon dE/dx and Range: PS PDF TEXT
Explanation of some entries
Table of isotopes Warning: may not be current
x ray mass attenuation coefficients