Atomic and nuclear properties of materials:
Nickel (Ni)
QuantityValueUnits ValueUnits
Atomic number 28     
Atomic mass 58.6934(4) g mole-1   
Density 8.90 g cm-3   
Mean excitation energy 311.0 eV   
Minimum ionization 1.468 MeV g-1cm2 13.07 MeV cm-1
Nuclear collision length 82.6 g cm-2 9.280 cm
Nuclear interaction length 134.1 g cm-2 15.06 cm
Pion collision length 107.9 g cm-2 12.12 cm
Pion interaction length 162.6 g cm-2 18.27 cm
Radiation length 12.68 g cm-2 1.424 cm
Critical energy 20.05 MeV (for e-) 19.41 MeV (for e+)
Molière radius 13.41 g cm-2 1.506 cm
Plasma energy 59.38 eV   
Muon critical energy 326. GeV   
For muons, dE/dx = a(E) + b(E) E. Tables of b(E): PS PDF TEXT
Table of muon dE/dx and Range: PS PDF TEXT
Explanation of some entries
Table of isotopes Warning: may not be current
x ray mass attenuation coefficients