Atomic and nuclear properties of materials:
Palladium (Pd)
QuantityValueUnits ValueUnits
Atomic number 46     
Atomic mass 106.42(1) g mole-1   
Density 12.0 g cm-3   
Mean excitation energy 470.0 eV   
Minimum ionization 1.289 MeV g-1cm2 15.49 MeV cm-1
Nuclear collision length 95.5 g cm-2 7.946 cm
Nuclear interaction length 161.0 g cm-2 13.39 cm
Pion collision length 120.0 g cm-2 9.982 cm
Pion interaction length 188.8 g cm-2 15.70 cm
Radiation length 9.20 g cm-2 0.7658 cm
Critical energy 12.57 MeV (for e-) 12.15 MeV (for e+)
Molière radius 15.52 g cm-2 1.292 cm
Plasma energy 65.68 eV   
Muon critical energy 218. GeV   
For muons, dE/dx = a(E) + b(E) E. Tables of b(E): PS PDF TEXT
Table of muon dE/dx and Range: PS PDF TEXT
Explanation of some entries
Table of isotopes Warning: may not be current
x ray mass attenuation coefficients