Particle Data Group


Authors
of the 2020 edition.

P.A. Zyla et al. (Particle Data Group), Prog. Theor. Exp. Phys. 2020, 083C01 (2020)


AUTHORS:

P.A. Zyla,1    R.M. Barnett,1    J. Beringer,1    O. Dahl,1    D.A. Dwyer,1    D.E. Groom,1    C.-J. Lin,1    K.S. Lugovsky,1,2    E. Pianori,1    D.J. Robinson,1    C.G. Wohl,1    W.-M. Yao,1    K. Agashe,3    G. Aielli,4    B.C. Allanach,5    C. Amsler,6    M. Antonelli,7    E.C. Aschenauer,8    D.M. Asner,8    H. Baer,9    Sw. Banerjee,10    L. Baudis,11    C.W. Bauer,1    J.J. Beatty,12    V.I. Belousov,2    S. Bethke,13    A. Bettini* ,14    O. Biebel,15    K.M. Black,16    E. Blucher,17    O. Buchmuller,18    V. Burkert,19    M.A. Bychkov,20    R.N. Cahn,1    M. Carena,21,17,22    A. Ceccucci,23    A. Cerri,24    D. Chakraborty,25    R.Sekhar Chivukula,26    G. Cowan,27    G. D'Ambrosio,28    T. Damour,29    D. de Florian,30    A. de Gouvêa,31    T. DeGrand,32    P. de Jong,33    G. Dissertori,34    B.A. Dobrescu,21    M. D'Onofrio,35    M. Doser,23    M. Drees,36    H.K. Dreiner,36    P. Eerola,37    U. Egede,38    S. Eidelman,39,40    J. Ellis,41,23    J. Erler,42,43    V.V. Ezhela,2    W. Fetscher,34    B.D. Fields,44,45    B. Foster,46,47,48    A. Freitas,49    H. Gallagher,50    L. Garren,21    H.-J. Gerber ,34    G. Gerbier,51    T. Gershon,52    Y. Gershtein,53    T. Gherghetta,54    A.A. Godizov,2    M.C. Gonzalez-Garcia,55,56,57    M. Goodman,58    C. Grab,34    A.V. Gritsan,59    C. Grojean,60,61    M. Grünewald,62    A. Gurtu,63,23    T. Gutsche,64    H.E. Haber,65    C. Hanhart,66    S. Hashimoto,67    Y. Hayato,68    A. Hebecker,69    S. Heinemeyer,70,71,72    B. Heltsley,73    J. J. Hernández-Rey ,74    K. Hikasa,75    J. Hisano,76    A. Höcker,23    J. Holder,77,78    A. Holtkamp,23    J. Huston,79    T. Hyodo,80    K.F. Johnson,81    M. Kado,82,83,84    M. Karliner,85    U.F. Katz,86    M. Kenzie,52    V.A. Khoze,87,88    S.R. Klein,89,90    E. Klempt,91    R.V. Kowalewski,92    F. Krauss,87    M. Kreps,52    B. Krusche,93    Y. Kwon,94    O. Lahav,95    J. Laiho,96    L.P. Lellouch,97    J. Lesgourgues,98    A. R. Liddle,99,100    Z. Ligeti,1    C. Lippmann,101    T.M. Liss,102    L. Littenberg,8    C. Lourenço,23    S.B. Lugovsky,2    A. Lusiani,103,104    Y. Makida,67    F. Maltoni,105,106    T. Mannel,107    A.V. Manohar,26    W.J. Marciano,8    A. Masoni,108    J. Matthews,109    U.-G. Meißner,91,66    M. Mikhasenko,23    D.J. Miller,110    D. Milstead,111    R.E. Mitchell,112    K. Mönig,113    P. Molaro,114    F. Moortgat,23,115    M. Moskovic,23    K. Nakamura,116,67    M. Narain,117    P. Nason,118,119    S. Navas ,120    M. Neubert,121    P. Nevski§ ,8    Y. Nir,122    K.A. Olive,54    C. Patrignani,123    J.A. Peacock,124    S.T. Petcov,125,116,126    V.A. Petrov,2    A. Pich,74    A. Piepke,127    A. Pomarol,128,129    S. Profumo,65    A. Quadt,130    K. Rabbertz,131    J. Rademacker,132    G. Raffelt,133    H. Ramani,1    M. Ramsey-Musolf,134,135,136    B.N. Ratcliff,137    P. Richardson,87    A. Ringwald,47    S. Roesler,23    S. Rolli,138    A. Romaniouk,139    L.J. Rosenberg,140    J.L. Rosner,17    G. Rybka,140    M. Ryskin,88    R.A. Ryutin,2    Y. Sakai,67    G.P. Salam,23,141,142    S. Sarkar,142    F. Sauli§ ,23    O. Schneider,143    K. Scholberg,144    A.J. Schwartz,145    J. Schwiening,101    D. Scott,146    V. Sharma,26    S.R. Sharpe,140    T. Shutt,137    M. Silari,23    T. Sjöstrand,147    P. Skands,38    T. Skwarnicki,96    G.F. Smoot,148,149,90,1    A. Soffer,85    M.S. Sozzi,150    S. Spanier,151    C. Spiering,113    A. Stahl,152    S.L. Stone,96    Y. Sumino,75    T. Sumiyoshi,153    M.J. Syphers,25,21    F. Takahashi,75    M. Tanabashi,154,76    J. Tanaka,155    M. Taševský,156    K. Terashi,155    J. Terning,157    U. Thoma,91    R.S. Thorne,95    L. Tiator,158    M. Titov,51    N.P. Tkachenko,2    D.R. Tovey,159    K. Trabelsi,84    P. Urquijo,160    G. Valencia,38    R. Van de Water,21    N. Varelas,161    G. Venanzoni,104    L. Verde,57,56    M.G. Vincter,162    P. Vogel,163    W. Vogelsang,64    A. Vogt,164    V. Vorobyev,39,40    S.P. Wakely,17,22    W. Walkowiak,107    C.W. Walter,144    D. Wands,165    M.O. Wascko,18    D.H. Weinberg,166    E.J. Weinberg,167    M. White,90,1    L.R. Wiencke,168    S. Willocq,136    C.L. Woody,8    R.L. Workman,169    M. Yokoyama,170,116    R. Yoshida,19    G. Zanderighi,13    G.P. Zeller,21    O.V. Zenin,2,171    R.-Y. Zhu,172    S.-L. Zhu,173    F. Zimmermann23   
Technical Associates:
J. Anderson,1    T. Basaglia,23    V.S. Lugovsky,2    P. Schaffner,1    W. Zheng,174   

* Coordination activities supported directly by INFN.
Deceased.
Support from Programa Estatal de Generación de Conocimiento MCIU, Spain and ERDF of the European Union (PGC2018-096663-B-C41 and C44).
§ Retired.


1. Physics Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
2. Institute for High Energy Physics, COMPAS Group, Protvino, Russia
3. University of Maryland, Department of Physics, College Park, MD, USA
4. Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata", Rome, Italy
5. Department of Applied Mathematics and Theoretical Physics, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, UK
6. Stefan Meyer Institute for Subatomic Physics, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Vienna, Austria
7. Lab. Nazionali di Frascati dell'INFN, Frascati, Italy
8. Brookhaven National Laboratory, Nuclear and Particle Physics Directorate, Upton, NY, USA
9. University of Oklahoma, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Norman, OK, USA
10. University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, USA
11. Universität Zürich, Physik-Institut, Zürich, Switzerland
12. Ohio State University, Department of Physics, Columbus, OH, USA
13. Max-Planck-Institute of Physics, Munich, Germany
14. INFN and Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Università di Padova, Padova, Italy
15. Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, Fakultät für Physik, München, Germany
16. University of Wisconsin, Department of Physics, Madison, WI, USA
17. University of Chicago, Enrico Fermi Institute and Department of Physics, Chicago, IL, USA
18. Imperial College, High Energy Physics Group, Blackett Laboratory, London, UK
19. Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA, USA
20. University of Virginia, Department of Physics, Charlottesville, VA, USA
21. Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, Batavia, IL, USA
22. University of Chicago, Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics, Chicago, IL, USA
23. CERN, European Organization for Nuclear Research, Genève, Switzerland
24. Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK
25. Department of Physics, Northern Illinois University, DeKalb, IL, USA
26. Department of Physics, University of California at San Diego, La Jolla, CA, USA
27. Department of Physics, Royal Holloway, University of London, London, UK
28. INFN Sezione di Napoli, Napoli, Italy
29. Institut des Hautes Etudes Scientifiques, Bures-sur-Yvette, France
30. UNSAM - Universidad Nacional de San Martin, International Center for Advanced Studies (ICAS) and Instituto de Ciencias Físicas (ICIFI), Buenos Aires, Argentina
31. Northwestern University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Evanston, IL, USA
32. University of Colorado at Boulder, Department of Physics, Boulder, CO, USA
33. Nikhef and University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
34. ETH Zurich, Institute for Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Zurich, Switzerland
35. University of Liverpool, Department of Physics, Liverpool, UK
36. Universität Bonn, Physikalisches Institut, Bonn, Germany
37. University of Helsinki, Department of Physics, Helsinki, Finland
38. Monash University, School of Physics and Astronomy, Melbourne, Australia
39. Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS, Novosibirsk, Russia
40. Novosibirsk State University, Novosibirsk, Russia
41. King's College London, Department of Physics, London, UK
42. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Departamento de Física Teórica, Instituto de Física, México, Mexico
43. Helmholtz Institute Mainz, Johannes Gutenberg-University, Mainz, Germany
44. University of Illinois, Department of Astronomy, Urbana, IL, USA
45. University of Illinois, Department of Physics, Urbana, IL, USA
46. University of Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany
47. Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg, Germany
48. University of Oxford, Denys Wilkinson Building, Department of Physics, Oxford, UK
49. University of Pittsburgh, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Pittsburgh, PA, USA
50. Tufts University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Medford, MA, USA
51. CEA Saclay, DSM/IRFU/SPP, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
52. University of Warwick, Department of Physics, Coventry, UK
53. Department of Physics and Astronomy, Rutgers University, NJ, USA
54. University of Minnesota, School of Physics and Astronomy, Minneapolis, MN, USA
55. CN Yang Institute for Theoretical Physics, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA
56. Institució Catalana de Recerca i Estudis Avancats, Barcelona, Spain
57. Instituto de ciencias del Cosmos (ICC), University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
58. Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL, USA
59. Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, USA
60. Theoriegruppe, Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, Hamburg, Germany
61. Institut für Physik, Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Berlin, Germany
62. University College Dublin, School of Physics, Dublin, Ireland
63. Physics Department, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Republic of Korea
64. Universität Tübingen, Institut für Theoretische Physik, Tübingen, Germany
65. Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California, Santa Cruz, CA, USA
66. Institut für Kernphysik and Institute for Advanced Simulation, Forschungszentrum Jülich, Jülich, Germany
67. KEK, High Energy Accelerator Research Organization, Tsukuba, Japan
68. Kamioka Observatory, ICRR, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
69. Heidelberg University, Institute for Theoretical Physics, Heidelberg, Germany
70. Instituto de Física Teórica (UAM/CSIC), Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
71. Campus of International Excellence UAM+CSIC, Universidad Autònoma de Madrid, Madrid, Spain
72. Instituto de Física de Cantabria, CSIC-UC, Santander, Spain
73. Cornell University, Laboratory of Elementary-Particle Physics, Ithaca, NY, USA
74. IFIC --- Instituto de Física Corpuscular, Universitat de València --- C.S.I.C., Valencia, Spain
75. Tohoku University, Department of Physics, Sendai, Japan
76. Nagoya University, Kobayashi-Maskawa Institute, Nagoya, Japan
77. University of Delaware, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Newark, DE, USA
78. University of Delaware, Bartol Research Institute, Newark, DE, USA
79. Michigan State University, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, East Lansing, MI, USA
80. Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, Japan
81. Florida State University, Department of Physics, Tallahassee, FL, USA
82. Dipartimento di Fisica, Sapienza Università di Roma, Rome, Italy
83. INFN Sezione di Roma, Rome, Italy
84. IJCLab, CNRS/IN2P3, Université Paris-Saclay, Orsay, France
85. Department of Particle Physics, Tel-Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel
86. Friedrich-Alexander University of Erlangen-Nürnberg, Erlangen Centre for Astroparticle Physics, Erlangen, Germany
87. University of Durham, Institute for Particle Physics Phenomenology, Department of Physics, Durham, UK
88. Petersburg Nuclear Physics Institute, Petersburg, Russia
89. Nuclear Science Division, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, Berkeley, CA, USA
90. University of California, Department of Physics, Berkeley, CA, USA
91. Universität Bonn, Helmholtz-Institut für Strahlen- und Kernphysik, Bonn, Germany
92. University of Victoria, Victoria, BC, Canada
93. University of Basel, Institute of Physics, Basel, Switzerland
94. Yonsei University, Department of Physics, Seoul, Republic of Korea
95. University College London, Department of Physics and Astronomy, London, UK
96. Syracuse University, Department of Physics, Syracuse, NY, USA
97. Aix-Marseille Univ, Université de Toulon, CNRS, CPT, Marseille, France
98. Institute of Theoretical Particle Physics and Cosmology (TTK), RWTH, Aachen, Germany
99. Perimeter Institute for Theoretical Physics, Waterloo, Canada
100. Instituto de Astrofisica e Ciencias do Espaco, Universidade de Lisboa, Lisbon, Portugal
101. GSI, Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung, Darmstadt, Germany
102. Division of Science, City College of New York, New York, NY, USA
103. Scuola Normale Superiore, Pisa, Italy
104. INFN Sezione di Pisa, Pisa, Italy
105. Universitè catholique de Louvain, Centre for Cosmology, Particle Physics and Phenomenology (CP3), Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium
106. Università di Bologna and INFN, Dipartimento di Fisica e Astronomia, Bologna, Italy
107. Universität Siegen, Department für Physik, Siegen, Germany
108. INFN Sezione di Cagliari, Monserrato, Italy
109. Louisana State University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Baton Rouge, LA, USA
110. University of Glasgow, School of Physics and Astronomy, Glasgow, UK
111. Stockholms Universitet, AlbaNova University Centre, Fysikum, Stockholm, Sweden
112. Indiana University, Department of Physics, Bloomington, IN, USA
113. DESY, Zeuthen, Germany
114. INAF-OATS, Trieste, Italy
115. University of Ghent, Dept. of Physics and Astronomy, Ghent, Belgium
116. University of Tokyo, Kavli IPMU (WPI), The University of Tokyo Institutes for Advanced Study, Kashiwa, Japan
117. Brown University, Department of Physics, Providence, RI, USA
118. INFN Sezione di Milano-Bicocca, Piazza della Scienza, Milano, Italy
119. Dip. di Fisica "G. Occhialini", Università di Milano-Bicocca, Milano, Italy
120. Universidad de Granada, Dpto. de Física Teórica y del Cosmos & C.A.F.P.E., Granada, Spain
121. Johannes Gutenberg University, PRISMA Cluster of Excellence and Mainz Institute for Theoretical Physics, Mainz, Germany
122. Department of Particle Physics and Astrophysics, Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot, Israel
123. Università di Bologna and INFN, Dip. Scienze per la Qualità della Vita, Rimini, Italy
124. University of Edinburgh, Royal Observatory, Institute for Astronomy, Edinburgh, UK
125. SISSA/INFN, Trieste, Italy
126. INRNE, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia, Bulgaria
127. University of Alabama, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Tuscaloosa, AL, USA
128. Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Departament de Física, Barcelona, Spain
129. IFAE, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
130. Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, II. Physikalisches Institut, Göttingen, Germany
131. Karlsruhe Institute of Technology, Karlsruhe, Germany
132. University of Bristol, HH Wills Physics Laboratory, Bristol, UK
133. Max-Planck-Institut für Physik (Werner-Heisenberg-Institut), München, Germany
134. Tsung-Dao Lee Institute, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
135. Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
136. University of Massachusetts, Department of Physics, Amherst, MA, USA
137. SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Menlo Park, CA, USA
138. DOE, Washington, DC, USA
139. National Research Nuclear University "MEPhI", Moscow, Russia
140. University of Washington, Department of Physics, Seattle, WA, USA
141. LPTHE, UPMC Université de Paris 6, Paris, France
142. University of Oxford, Rudolf Peierls Centre for Theoretical Physics, Oxford, UK
143. Institute of Physics, Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL), Lausanne, Switzerland
144. Duke University, Physics Department, Durham, NC, USA
145. University of Cincinnati, Department of Physics, Cincinnati, OH, USA
146. University of British Columbia, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Vancouver, BC, Canada
147. Lund University, Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics, Lund, Sweden
148. The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Kowloon, Hong Kong
149. Paris Centre for Cosmological Physics, APC (CNRS), Université Paris Diderot, Université Sorbonne Paris Cité, Paris, France
150. Pisa University, Pisa, Italy
151. University of Tennessee, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Knoxville, TN, USA
152. III. Physikalisches Institut, Physikzentrum, RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany
153. Tokyo Metropolitan University, High Energy Physics Laboratory, Tokyo, Japan
154. Department of Physics, Nagoya University, Nagoya, Japan
155. International Center for Elementary Particle Physics (ICEPP), University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
156. Institute of Physics, Czech Academy of Sciences, Prague, Czech Republic
157. Department of Physics, University of California, Davis, CA, USA
158. Institut für Kernphysik, Johannes Gutenberg University, Mainz, Germany
159. University of Sheffield, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Sheffield, UK
160. University of Melbourne, School of Physics, Victoria, Australia
161. University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL, USA
162. Carleton University, Department of Physics, Ottawa, ON, Canada
163. California Institute of Technology, Kellogg Radiation Laboratory, Pasadena, CA, USA
164. The University of Liverpool, Division of Theoretical Physics, Department of Mathematical Sciences, Liverpool, UK
165. University of Portsmouth, Institute of Cosmology and Gravitation, Portsmouth, UK
166. Ohio State University, Department of Astronomy and CCAPP, Columbus, OH, USA
167. Columbia University, Department of Physics, New York, NY, USA
168. Dept. of Physics, Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO, USA
169. George Washington University Virginia Campus, Department of Physics, Ashburn, VA, USA
170. University of Tokyo, Department of Physics, Tokyo, Japan
171. Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russia
172. California Institute of Technology, High Energy Physics, Pasadena, CA, USA
173. School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing, China
174. Institute of High Energy Physics, Beijing, China


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The publication of the Review of Particle Physics is supported by the Director, Office of Science, Office of High Energy Physics of the U.S. Department of Energy under Contract No. DE-AC02-05CH11231; by the European Laboratory for Particle Physics (CERN); by an implementing arrangement between the governments of Japan (MEXT: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology) and the United States (DOE) on cooperative research and development; by the Italian National Institute of Nuclear Physics (INFN); and by the Physical Society of Japan (JPS). Individual collaborators receive support for their PDG activities from their respective funding agencies.


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