Atomic and Nuclear Properties of Materials
for more than 350 materials

Click on an element or other material for properties of interest in high-energy physics: stopping power (<-dE/dx>) tables including radiative losses for muons, nuclear and pion collision and interaction lengths, electron, positron, and muon critical energies, radiation length, Moliere radius, plasma energy, and links to isotope and x-ray mass attenuation coefficient tables and plots.

This AtomicNuclearProperties page is upgraded as needed in response to suggestions and requests for new materials.
Suggestions and comments are welcome. Please report errors.

Chemical elements: For entries in red, a pull-down menu permits selection of the physical state.
Cryogenic liquid densities are at the boiling point at 1 atm.
1H 2He
3Li 4Be 5B 6C 7N 8O 9F 10Ne
11Na 12Mg 13Al 14Si 15P 16S 17Cl 18Ar
19K 20Ca 21Sc 22Ti 23V 24Cr 25Mn 26Fe 27Co 28Ni 29Cu 30Zn 31Ga 32Ge 33As 34Se 35Br 36Kr
37Rb 38Sr 39Y 40Zr 41Nb 42Mo 43Tc 44Ru 45Rh 46Pd 47Ag 48Cd 49In 50Sn 51Sb 52Te 53I 54Xe
55Cs 56Ba 57La 72Hf 73Ta 74W 75Re 76Os 77Ir 78Pt 79Au 80Hg 81Tl 82Pb 83Bi 84Po 85At 86Rn
87Fr 88Ra 89Ac 104Rf 105Db 106Sg 107Bh 108Hs 109Mt 110Ds 111Rg 112Cn 113Nh 114Fl 115Mc 116Lv 117Ts 118Og
58Ce 59Pr 60Nd 61Pm 62Sm 63Eu 64Gd 65Tb 66Dy 67Ho 68Er 69Tm 70Yb 71Lu
90Th 91Pa 92U 93Np 94Pu 95Am 96Cm 97Bk 98Cf 99Es 100Fm 101Md 102No 103Lr

Inorganic compounds (Al through Fe)
Inorganic compounds (Freon through Pu)
Inorganic compounds (Potassium thru yttrium)
Inorganic scintillators (BaF2 through Y2SiO5)
Simple organic compounds
Biological materials

WARNING: Properties such as boiling points and refractive indices are taken from a variety of sources of mixed dependability.
They are not carefully vetted. Corrections are invited.

The dE/dx and range algorithms are described in D.E. Groom, N.V. Mokhov, and S.I. Striganov,
"Muon stopping-power and range tables, 10 MeV--100 TeV,'' Atomic Data and Nuclear Data Tables 78, Number 2 (July 2001),
where nearly-identical tables for many of the materials are given. pdf of introductory text (37 pages)

NIST atomic weights and isotopic composition for the elements:

NIST stopping powers for electrons and positrons in arbitrary materials:
NIST stopping power and range tables for protons in selected materials:
NIST stopping power and range tables for alpha particles in selected materials:

Aarhus University "Stopping power of Ions" Z = 1 - 18 for 279 targets (mostly Sternheimer list), low energy
(e.g. default = 1 keV - 1 GeV for p's), electronic losses only (PSTAR includes nuclear):

Chart of the Nuclides:

EXPERT links for these pages: properties data table, key to properties table, code description, and running instructions

OTHER LINKS to outside sources of similar and related material

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Last revised 30 October 2021